What exactly happened in class with my students?
During oral discussions with students about a particular topic or whatever, I provided a sentence frame for them to use as a starter. Often students talk but not in a sentence, it would be in one word or couple of words and that's all. Using 'sentence frame' was to help my students to talk more and increase confidence to write more as well.
How did I do it in class?
As I mentioned above, I provided the chn with a sentence frame most of the time during whole class/group discussions. I wrote the sentence frame on a piece of paper and read it to the chn and then we read it together. I gave them an example before I let them start talking.
- Talk with a pair (Teacher listens to each pair - sometimes add on or prompt for more info)
- Everyone shares back their story - sometimes I make them share what their partner has said. (using the sentence frame provided of course)
- Get their book and start writing down their ideas after forming their own sentence.
Critique (Pros & Con)
- it was really helpful especially with scaffolding oral language and writing skills.
- anyone in class benefited from using of sentence frame (ESOL or not)
- I think, sentence frame could be used at any time such as in Maths - for learning new mathematical language to explain thinking. (I will be using sentence frame in Maths and other areas, too) - will talk about that later.
- definitely increased students talk, participation, and confidence (independent writers)
- only one con that I think of now - ie. sentence frame could limit the ability of a child to be creative and write what they want to. (One boy in my class can talk without sentence frames but he often wants to copy others in class.)
I think overall, sentence frame really helped my students to be creative and enable them to add more information to their story. I think my students were grateful to have sentence frames as a guide to help them get started with their talk and writing.
support students to hear and record sounds by clapping hands, and using jingles and rhymes for 20 minutes every day. I have noticed that most students stopped writing when come across a word that they don't know. Their confidence to hear and record sounds is very limited.